Woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius; Elephas primigenius old name, also Mammonteus primigenius)
Animals from the family of the proboscidean (Proboscidea), members of cold age fauna, were larger than today’s elephants, with large curved tusks.
Fat deposits and thick reddish-brown fur have protected them from winter. They have had small ears because of adjustments to cold.
During the Pleistocene they have lived in Europe, Asia and North America.
It is believed that they have evolved from Asian elephants before 4.8 million years.
Woolly mammoth have largly died out about 10,000 years ago, except in the Siberian island of Wrangel were they were held up until about 4,000 years ago.
The fossil skeleton, particularly the big corner with many expressed masticatory ridge on the surface of the tooth crown and tusks, are often in Croatia, most in the Upper Pleistocene alluvial rivers of northern Croatian (Pannonia), Sava and Drava.
In Siberia several whole carcasses were found preserved in eternal snow and ice.
There is no scientific consensus about the reasons for the extinction of the mammoth.
Some view it as a consequence of climate change, while others say that it is exterminated by man.
Zagreb mammoth, whose fossil remains were found in the center of Zagreb at the beginning of the last century during excavation of the foundations of today’s Zagreb Theatre “Gavella” in Frankopanska Street is well known nowdays.
This gigantic animal lived in that area during the Pleistocene and became extinct at the end of the last ice age about 15,000 years ago.
This woolly mammoth, Latin Mammuthus primigenius was high up to 4 meters, and in the foundations of “Gavella” Theatre his Femur was found, which is kept in the Croatian Natural History Museum.